The national anthem of India "Jana Gana Mana" was written by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. The anthem is written in high Bengali Sanskrit and is taken from the first five stanzas of a Brahmo Hymn, which was composed and scored by Rabindranath Tagore himself.
The underlying message of Jana Gana Mana is pluralism. The national anthem underlines the importance of India as a diverse nation. It signifies that despite differences in culture, traditions, religion and languages, India is united under one flag. The anthem is significant in uniting people and reminding us that there we stand and remain one under the Indian union.
Here are ten important facts about Jana Gana Mana, the national anthem of India -
1. The Indian national anthem, Jana Gana Mana was written on 11 December 1911.
2. It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Calcutta of the Indian National Congress.
3. It was composed and scored in a highly Sanskritized Bengali by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore in 1911
4. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.
5. The original national anthem song was written by the Rabindranath Tagore which was later translated into the Hindi and Urdu by Abid Ali.
6. The full version National Anthem song is sung using the orchestral/choral adaptation (made by English composer, Herbert Murrill on request of Nehru).
7. A formal rendition of the national anthem takes fifty-two seconds.
8. A shortened version consisting of the first and last lines (and taking about 20 seconds to play) is also staged occasionally.
9. Jana Gana Mana, the national anthem of India is set to Raag Alhiya Bilawal.
10. The Anthem is written in high Bengali Sanskrit and is taken from the first five stanzas of a Brahmo Hymn, which was composed and scored by Rabindranath Tagore