The world’s collective effort is bringing back the tiger from the brink of extinction, thanks to efforts like International Tiger Day. 29 July is the International Tiger Day and according to a World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and Global Tiger Forum report published this year, there has been a 22 percent increase in tiger population across the world. Moreover, In April this year, India gladly announced to the world that the number of tigers in the wild had risen to 2,500.
India is home to the highest number of tigers that is 2,226, Russia holds the second highest number of tigers at 433. Indonesia has 371 tigers while Malaysia 250. Nepal, Thailand, Bangladesh and Bhutan have 198, 189, 106 and 103 tigers respectively.
Indian Government launched Project Tiger in the year 1973 to save tigers from the brink of extinction in the country. Starting from nine reserves in 1973-74, the number has grown up to forty-nine. After the launch of the project, there has been an increase in the number of tigers to about 2226 from around 1657. (Image source: Getty)
Ministry of Environment formed National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) in 2005 that ensures protective measures to reduce the local communities’ dependencies on tiger reserves. NTCA is responsible for implementing ‘Project Tiger’.
In 1994, 95 cases of tiger poaching came into light, whereas 23 cases of tiger poaching were reported in 2014. The Bengal Tiger is the most common subspecies of tiger and it constitutes around 80% of the entire tiger population. (Image source: Getty)
About 3000 wild tigers survive today, out of which 1700 are Bengal tigers. Bengal tiger, also known as the royal Bengal tiger, is the national animal of both India and Bangladesh. International Union for Conservation of Nature declared tigers as endangered in 2010. (Image source: Prezi.com)
According to Wikipedia, as of 2014, adult and sub adult tigers at 1.5 years or older are estimated to number 408 in Karnataka, 340 in Uttarakhand, 308 in Madhya Pradesh, 229 in Tamil Nadu, 190 in Maharashtra, 167 in Assam, 136 in Kerala, and 117 in Uttar Pradesh. (Image source: funpeep.com)
The tigers are considered endangered species as they are massive demands for traditional medicine. The annual consumption of traditional medicines made of tiger bone, bear gall bladder and a plethora of other animal parts is of phenomenal proportions. At least 60 per cent of China’s billion plus population use medicines made of animal parts. (Source: tigersincrisis)
The Wildlife Protection Society of India (WPSI) has implemented a successful conservation campaign around the tiger reserve areas in Central India. The campaign was launched in April 2011. (image source: reference.com)
Activists say there is a need for declaration of more tiger reserves to sustain tiger conservation efforts. Although WWF called on Asian states to close their tiger farms to boost efforts against the black-market trade in animal parts. They said there remained 200 tiger farms in Asia, mostly in China, Laos, Vietnam and Thailand. (Image source: wwf)
At a conference in St Petersburg in 2010, 13 Asian countries including India agreed to double the number of tigers living in the wild on the continent by 2022, which is China’s next Year of the Tiger. (Image source: news18.com)
First Published: Friday, Jul 29, 2016 01:16 PM