The BS6 emission norms will come into effect in India from April 2020. Therefore, all the car makers are in preparation mode to embrace the change. However, Hyundai Motor India, the second biggest carmaker in the country, has confirmed that it will continue to bring diesel cars in the country.
Speaking to NDTV’s carandbike, S. S. Kim, MD & CEO, Hyundai Motor India said, "Hyundai Motor India will continue to bring diesel cars to India. The cars coming will meet BS6 norms." He further said the cars that are in the pipeline for the Indian market, will meet the BS6 emission norms.
It is to be noted that the Hyundai Motor India currently sells the Grand i10, Xcent, Venue, i20, Verna, Creta and the Elantra with diesel engine.
Bharat Stage Emissions Standards (BSES):
Going with the basics first, the Bharat Stage Emissions Standards (BSES), introduced in the year 2000 are automotive emissions standards mandated by the government of India to keep a check on air pollutants from an internal combustion engine in a vehicle. These standards are set by the Central Pollution Control Board under the Ministry of Environment and Climate change.
The BS (Bharat Stage) norms are based on EURO (European) emissions standards. The “India 2000” was rolled out in the year 2000, followed by BS2 and BS3 in 2001 and 2005 respectively. It wasn’t until BS4 (4th stage) (BS IV), that more stringent emissions mandates were enforced. In 2016, the government of India decided to skip BS5 altogether and implement BS6 by the year 2020.
The norm will bring a change in the fuel, as BS6 compliant engine require BS6 fuel. A BS6 vehicle using BS4 fuel will not adhere to the BS6 norms. Indian oil companies have already started distributing BS6-grade petrol and diesel at 391 filling stations in Delhi with plans to make BS6 fuel available in all 13 major metro cities by April 2019.
A vital difference between BS6 and the outgoing BS4 fuel is that the BS6 fuel contains 5 times fewer sulphur traces (10 parts per million) compared to BS4 (50 ppm). NOx (Nitrogen Oxide) level will be brought down by a staggering 70% for Diesel engine and 25% for Petrol Engines.
The BS6 brings along a plethora of changes, most significant being the mandatory OBD (Onboard Diagnostics) for all vehicles. Also, RDE (Real Driving Emission) will be introduced for the first time that will measure the vehicle’s emission in real-world conditions against simulated conditions. Further, the DPF (Diesel Particulate Filter) and SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction) will be introduced for diesel engines.