Girls who reach puberty early and witness early onset of menstruation are more likely to suffer from Type-2 diabetes. The chances of getting Type 2 diabetes however can be mediated by managing body mass index, suggest a study.
Each year of delay in menarche age correlated with a six per cent lower risk of Type-2 diabetes, said the study published in the journal Menopause.
"Earlier onset of menses (14 y) was associated with diabetes in later life, likely driven by adult BMI (body mass index)," said Stephanie Faubion, Medical Director, North American Menopause Society (NAMS). "Other factors such as nutrition and BMI in childhood may also play a role in this association," Faubion added and reported by IANS.
Type 2 diabetes has several causes: genetics and lifestyle are the most important ones. A combination of these factors can cause insulin resistance, when your body doesn't use insulin as well as it should.
Type-2 diabetes mellitus has become one of the most common diseases worldwide. In 2015, it affected nearly 8.8 per cent of people aged 20 to 79 globally, and by 2040, it is expected to affect 10.4 per cent.
With so many people affected, it is not surprising how much research has been devoted to identifying determinants of the disease in order to prevent its development. There is also growing evidence pointing to some physiologic factors.
This new study, analysing more than 15,000 postmenopausal women in China, has found that women who begin menstruating at an earlier age have a higher risk of developing Type-2 diabetes.
Several conditions identified trigger diabetes some of them being air pollution, unhealthy snacks and some suprisingly can manage insulin level in body like coffee, recent studies have proved.