Earthquakes in 2017: Mexico, Italy, China and Iran; a look at the devastations
Updated On : 14 Nov 2017,09:59 PM
The year 2017 have seen some of the most devastating earthquakes of the decade mostly shaking the Western Hemisphere. In simple words an earthquake is the shaking of the surface of the earth as a result of the release of energy in the earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.
The intensity of an earthquake is measured in Mercalli intensity scale which measures the effects of the quake based on empirical and observed data.
The magnitude of earthquake is measured by Richter scale which assigns a number to quantify the size of an earthquake. It is a base 10 logarithmic scale invented by Charles Richter in 1930s.
It was replaced by the moment magnitude scale in 1970, that is currently being used by the US Geological survey.
Mexico was hit by two earthquakes on September 8 and 19 respectively which claimed a total of 468 lives.
On August 24, an earthquake of the magnitude of 6.2 hit Central Italy, epicentre close to Accumoli.
August 8 2017, saw the Zhangzha town hit by a very strong earthquake of 7.2 magnitude.
On November 12, 2017 an earthquake of the magnitude of 7.3 on the moments scale at the Iran-Iraq border in the Kermanshah province.