30-metre giant telescope (Photo Credit: Wikipedia)
We all have heard so much about aliens. However, we are yet to find out that aliens are myth or reality. There are several questions in our mind that are doing the rounds like - Is there life on planets outside our solar system? How did stars and galaxies form in the earliest years of the universe? How do black holes shape galaxies?
It is worth mentioning here that scientists, astronomers and researchers are giving their 100 per cent in exploring those and other fundamental questions about the universe. Well, we may get answers to the above given questions, as the scientists are all set to peer deep into the night sky using a thirty-metre giant telescope planned for the summit of Hawaii's tallest mountain. But we may have to wait for our answers for more than a decade.
According to report by ABC News, the thirty-metre telescope is a decade away from being built as the native Hawaiian protesters have tried to thwart the start of construction by blocking a road to the mountain. The protesters say installing yet another observatory on Mauna Kea's peak would further defile a place they consider sacred. Protesters have even sought the stay from state Supreme Court, however, it ruled that the $1.4 billion telescope can be built.
Coming back to the 30-metre telescope, it will have giant mirrors that would collect more light, allowing it to see faint, far-away objects such as stars and galaxies dating back as long as 13 billion years. The telescope gets its name from the size of the mirror, which will be 30 metres in diameter. That's three times as wide as the world's largest existing visible-light telescope.
“The telescope would be more than 200 times more sensitive than current telescopes and able to resolve objects 12 times better than the Hubble Space Telescope,” said Christophe Dumas, head of operations for the Thirty Metre Telescope.
On the other hand, the weather at the summit of Mauna Kea tends to be ideal for viewing the skies. At nearly 14,000 feet, its peak is normally above the clouds. Being surrounded by the ocean means air flows tend to be smoother and it has the driest atmosphere of any of the candidate sites. Interestingly, the Mauna Kea is already home to 13 other telescopes.