The US military airlifted tons of aid to a Colombian town on the Venezuelan border on Saturday as part of an effort meant to undermine socialist President Nicolas Maduro and back his rival to leadership of the South American nation. Two of three scheduled Air Force C-17 cargo planes that took off from Homestead Air Reserve Base in Florida had landed in Cucuta.
That border city, swollen by a flood of migrants from Venezuela, is a collection point for aid that's supposed to be distributed by supporters of Juan Guaido, the congressional leader who is recognized by the US and many other nations as Venezuela's legitimate president.
"This wasn't the first, and it won't be the last," said USAID Administrator Mark Green, standing on the tarmac in Cucuta at a ceremony to receive the aid. "More is on the way." Commercial planes had been used for earlier shipments of aid, which is aimed at dramatizing the economic crisis - including hyperinflation and shortages of food and medicine - gripping Venezuela.
Critics say last year's re-election was fraudulent, making Maduro's second term illegal. "We are saving lives with these airplanes," said Lestor Toledo, an exiled politician who is coordinating the international aid effort for Guaido.
Maduro has been using the military, which remains loyal, to help him block the aid from entering Venezuela, describing it as "crumbs" from a US government whose restrictions have stripped his administration of control over many of its most valuable assets. "They hang us, steal our money and then say 'here, grab these crumbs' and make a global show out of it," Maduro told The Associated Press on Thursday.
"With dignity we say 'No to the global show.' Whoever wants to help Venezuela is welcome, but we have enough capacity to pay for everything that we need." His vice president has alleged, without evidence, that the aid packages are contaminated. Green on Saturday called the allegations "absurd."
Saturday's 180-ton shipment includes high-energy food products or hygiene kids of soap, toothpaste and other goods for more than 25,000 people. Guaido has called for an effort on Jan. 23 to bring the aid into Venezuela from Cucuta and two other collection points in the northern Brazilian state of Roraima and the Dutch Caribbean island of Curacao.
But it's not yet clear how they might overcome Maduro's blockade. Several thousand doctors, nurses and other people gathered at a parking lot in eastern Caracas on Saturday as part of an effort to enlist 600,000 volunteers to distribute or provide aid on the part of the opposition. Anibrez Peroza, a 40-year-old nurse, said she was ready if necessary to go to Cucuta in a caravan to bring in the aid.
"We have to do something to save so many people who are suffering and dying for lack of medicine," she said. Peroza wept as she described a dehydrated child dying in her arms for lack of a catheter to rehydrate him. The US and widespread European recognition of Guaido complicates Maduro's efforts to find funds to keep his government, and its own food programs, running.
The US has placed Venezuela's US assets, including oil company Citgo, under Guaido's control and bans financial transactions by Maduro-controlled entities. Scores of Venezuelan officials also face personal financial sanctions in the United States.