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Salmonella infection responsible for food-borne illnesses, oral vaccine developed

Oral vaccination is simplest and least invasive way to protect people against salmonella infection, researchers said. Taking this vaccine by mouth also has the added advantage of using the same pathway that salmonella uses to wreak havocon the digestive system, they said.


  |  Updated On : December 20, 2016 01:12 PM
Salmonella infection responsible for food-borne illnesses, oral vaccine developed (File Photo)

Salmonella infection responsible for food-borne illnesses, oral vaccine developed (File Photo)

Huston :  

Oral vaccination is simplest and least invasive way to protect people against salmonella infection, researchers said. Taking this vaccine by mouth also has the added advantage of using the same pathway that salmonella uses to wreak havocon the digestive system, they said.

Scientists, including one of Indian origin, have developed an oral vaccine against Salmonella -the deadly bacteria responsible for one of the most commonfood-borne illnesses in the world.

Oral vaccination is simplest and least invasive way to protect people against salmonella infection, researchers said. Taking this vaccine by mouth also has the added advantage of using the same pathway that salmonella uses to wreak havocon the digestive system, they said.

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"In the current study, we analysed the immune responses of mice that received the vaccination by mouth as well as howthey responded to a lethal dose of salmonella," said Ashok Chopra, professor at The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston (UTMB) in the US.

"We found that the orally administered vaccines produced strong immunity against salmonella, showing their potential for future use in people," said Chopra.

There is no vaccine currently available for salmonella poisoning. Antibiotics are the first choice in treating salmonella infections, but the fact that some strains ofsalmonella are quickly developing antibiotic resistance is aserious concern.

"Another dangerous aspect of salmonella is that it can beused as a bioweapon - this happened in Oregon when a religiouscult intentionally contaminated restaurant salad bars and sickened 1,000 people," researchers said.

Salmonella is responsible for one of the most common food-borne illnesses in the world. In the US alone, the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention estimates thatthere are about 1.4 million cases with 15,000 hospitalisations and 400 deaths each year.

It is thought that for every reported case, there areabout 39 undiagnosed infections. Overall, the number of salmonella cases in the US has not changed since 1996.

Salmonella infection in people with compromised immune systems and children under the age of three are at increase drisk of invasive non-typhoidal salmonellosis, which causes systemic infection. There are about one million cases globally per year, with a 25 per cent fatality rate.

In earlier studies, the UTMB researchers developed potential vaccines from three genetically mutated versions of the salmonella bacteria, that is Salmonella Typhimurium, that were shown to protect mice against a lethal dose of salmonella. In these studies, the vaccines were given as aninjection. The findings were published in the journal Frontiers inCellular and Infection Microbiology.

First Published: Tuesday, December 20, 2016 12:50 PM


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