On the eve of 71st Independence, it is a time to remember the sacrifices of the revolutionaries who devoted their life for the freedom of India. The Chauri Chaura and Kakori incident were inflection points in the freedom struggle movement which led to a revamping of political and social strategies by eminent leaders for the cause of the Indian freedom movement.
After World War I (1914-18), the fight over independence in India was fully accelerated because the British had turned their backs on their promise of liberating India after World War. Following the Jallianwala Bagh massacre (April 13, 1919) and the Rowlat Act, there was a tremendous uprising against the English government in the Indians.
The proposals passed in the Calcutta Convention, which had things like promoting indigenous movement by the acquisition of self-interest and the exclusion of foreign goods, had to end the economic and social pillars of British rule. So in 1920, non-cooperation movement under the leadership of Gandhi took the form of extension.
It became such a nationwide movement that led the country to think that the country would be liberated very soon. Standing on the leadership of Gandhi, the whole country was fighting the non-cooperation movement. Millions of farmers - the workers stood together against the British. After the rebellion of 1857, the English rule was once again completely shaken but on February 5, 1922 when the police stopped a group of farmers in Chauri Chaura in Gorakhpur, the angry mob burnt the police station there. In which nearly 22 policemen were killed.
It was such a time that when whole India was on the streets, the English rule was shaken. But after the violent incidents of Chauri-Chaura, Gandhi postponed the non-cooperation movement.There is no doubt that Gandhi's non-violent style was uniting the country as an ideology. But after the postponement of the Non-Cooperation Movement, many members of Congress and the revolutionaries opposed Gandhi's decision.
After this, the angry members formed a new Swaraj Party because at the time the freedom movement was at its peak. At such a time, delaying of the movement was to weaken the entire battle.Politicians such as Motilal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose did not believe in the right to postpone the entire movement due to the violence in any corner of the country.
Kakori conspiracy also known as train robbery incident took place on 9th August 1925. Kakori conspiracy, one of the significant event of the freedom struggle. The conspiracy was planned and executed by the Hindustan Socialist Republic Association (HSRA). The whole ploy was spearheaded by Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqullah Khan.
The main aim behind this robbery was the need of money.Since people with money refuted to help them because of fear of the government. So they decided to loot the Number 8 Down Train travelling from Shahjahanpur to Lucknow. At Kakori, the train was stopped by one of the revolutionaries by pulling its chain and 10 HRA revolutionaries looted the government treasure. In the conspiracy one passenger was killed by an accidental shot, making it a murder case. The revolutionaries escaped to Lucknow.
However, the plot was unearthed within a month and some 30 people were arrested. The people who were arrested included Swaran Singh, Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, Rajendra Lahiri, Durga Bhagavati Chandra Vohra, Roshan Singh, Sachindra Bakshi, Chandrasekhar Azad, Vishnu Sharan Dublish, Keshab Chakravarthy, Banwari Lal, Mukundi Lal, Sachindra Nath Sanyal, and Manmathnath GuptaRam Prasad Bismil and some others were charged with various offences, including robbery and murder. The final judgments were pronounced on April 6, 1927.