Hartalika Teej is celebrated during Shukla Paksha Tritiya of Bhadrapada month. Hartalika Teej comes one month after Hariyali Teej and it is often celebrated one day before Ganesh Chaturthi.
This Teej is known as Hartalika Teej due to the legend associated with it. Hartalika word is combination of "Harat" and "Aalika" which means "abduction" and "female friend" respectively.
According to the legend of Hartalika Teej, the friend of Goddess Parvati took her to the thick forest so that her father can't marry her to Lord Vishnu against her wish.
Teej is one of the most sacred Hindu festivals observed in India. It is observed in different parts of the country by the womenfolk to seek blessings for their husband’s long life. Teej honours the devotion of Ma Parvati who underwent penance for years to become the consort of Shiva. Women seek her blessings for a happy married life and unmarried girls fast to attain an exemplary husband like Shiva.
History and Origin of Teej
Etymologically, the festival ‘Teej’ gets its name from a small red insect called 'Teej' that makes its appearance during the monsoon. Teej has been observed for several years. According to Hindu mythology, this day marks the occasion of Maa Parvati coming to Shiva's abode as his consort. Teej is symbolic of the love, devotion and respect for a Hindu woman’s husband, as Ma Parvati underwent extreme penance over several births for 108 years to win over Lord Shiva.
Another legend is that a forest in Central India was once ruled by King Dadurai, whose wife Sati Nagamati performed Sati by burning herself in a funeral pyre. The sadness engulfed the people of Kajli who created Raga Kajariin her honour.
Women apply ‘mehendi’ (floral patterns made with henna paste) on their hands and feet, wear beautiful sarees with matching bangles and ornaments on this day. Usually, green is the more favoured colour especially during ‘Hariyali Teej’. Those observing Teej get cosmetic items and jewellery for ‘Shringara’ by their parents. Women offer decorated coconut to their relatives. They visit their maternal home and seek the blessings of the elderly and enjoy a get together with family members.
Teej dance imitates the beautiful dance of the peacock during the rains. Women take turns while singing in swings bedecked with flowers. Songs that are paeans to the monsoon season and marital happiness, and others that are reminiscent of lovers’ woes of separation are sung, especially during Kajri Teej.
A variety of regional traditional sweet dishes are made such as ‘ghevar’, ‘kheerpuri’, ‘nariyalladdoo’, ‘badamkahalwa’, ‘sheera’, ‘gujiya’ and ‘kajukatli’ are prepared during Teej, as family members and groups of married women get together.
Hartalika Teej Puja
Pratahkal Hartalika Puja Muhurat = 05:58 to 08:32
Duration = 2 Hours 33 Mins
Pradoshkal Hartalika Puja Muhurat = 18:47 to 20:27Duration = 1 Hour 39 Mins
Tritiya Tithi Begins = 21:02 on 23/Aug/2017
Tritiya Tithi Ends = 20:27 on 24/Aug/2017