US President Donald Trump’s ended his four-month-old temporary ban on refugee admissions to the country on Tuesday. However, his administration is set to unveil tougher screening procedures and he has called for a 90-day review of the program for 11 countries which are considered ‘high risk’ by his administration.
The President had previously suspended the processing of all refugees to the US for a period of 120 days as part of a previous executive order, issued in tandem with his travel ban on several Muslim-majority countries.
Refugees seeking entry to the US will face what officials described as more stringent and thorough examination of their backgrounds, in line with Trump’s “extreme vetting” policy for immigrants.
The Homeland Security Department, the State Department and other US agencies have been reviewing the screening process during the temporary ban.
The White House has however declined to name the 11 countries which would be subjected to a new 90-day review. Until the end of 2016, higher-security screening was needed for most adult male nationals of Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Mali, North Korea, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria and Yemen.
Apart from them, screening of Palestinians living in those countries was also required.It’s still unclear exactly what new measures would be added, but in the past, officials have spoken about examining applicants’ social media posts and other investigative measures to identify those who may sympathize with extremists or pose a national security risk to the United States.
Refugees already face an extensive backlog and waiting periods that can take years. Any additional screening would likely extend the timeline.
Even with the ban lifted, refugee admissions are expected to be far lower than in recent years. Last month, Trump capped refugee admissions at 45,000 for the fiscal year that started October 1, a cut of more than half from the 110,000 limit put in place the year earlier by President Barack Obama.
Further, the actual number admitted this year could be far lower than Trump’s 45,000 cap, which sets a maximum but not a minimum.
The refugee restrictions were in addition to Trump’s broader “travel ban” on people from several countries. Courts have repeatedly blocked that policy but largely left the temporary refugee policy in place.
Trump has made limiting immigration the centrepiece of his policy agenda. In addition to the travel ban, which initially targeted a handful of Muslim-majority nations, the president rescinded an Obama-era executive action protecting young immigrants from deportation and vowed to build a wall along the southern border with Mexico.
During his presidential campaign, Trump pledged to “stop the massive inflow of refugees” and warned that terrorists were smuggling themselves into naive countries by posing as refugees fleeing war-torn Syria.
“Thousands of refugees are being admitted with no way to screen them and are instantly made eligible for welfare and free health care, even as our own veterans, our great, great veterans, die while they’re waiting online for medical care that they desperately need,” Trump said last October.Instead, Trump has advocated keeping refugees closer to their homes.
The end of the ban comes amid an alarming refugee crisis in Myanmar, where security forces in August began what human rights groups have called a scorched-earth campaign against villages inhabited by Rohingya Muslims. More than 600,000 Rohingya from northern Rakhine State have fled to Bangladesh.
With PTI inputs